Liron Efrat

Completing her Ph.D. from the University of Toronto in 2021, Liron Efrat is doing interdisciplinary in the fields of Visual Studies, Software Studies, and Media Studies to analyze how immersive technologies produce cultural knowledge. Efrat’s research focuses on Augmented Reality (AR) applications in cultural heritage and artistic contexts.

Her work has been presented and published through numerous international platforms, including Leonardo Journal and ACM-SIGGRAPH, The International Symposium of Electronic Arts (ISEA), The International Journal of Digital Art History (IJDAH), and Museums and the Web. In fall 2020, Efrat launched CHAR, a digital collection of augmented reality apps in cultural heritage. The collection includes over 100 apps and supplementary material, mapping 12 types of AR visitor experiences. It also functions as a research tool for scholars, heritage professionals, and AR apps designers, as CHAR offers an overarching framework for both the production and analysis of AR apps in GLAM environments.


Ph.D., Graduate Department of Art, The University of Toronto, 2021 (expected)

M.A., European Studies, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2013

B.A., The Departments of Art History and Comparative Literature, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2010

Selected Publications

“Re:Place: Participatory Place-Making in Augmented Reality (AR) Art and Heritage”, in: Ruth Benschop et. al. (eds.), Participatory Practices in Art and Cultural Heritage. Springer, 2022.

Historical APPistemoloy: The Mapping of the Expanded Field of Cultural Heritage AR Apps as a Creative Tool. International Journal of Digital Art History (6).

REALational Perspectives: Expanding Beyond the Here-and-Now in Mobile Augmented Reality (AR) Art, Leonardo, Vol. 53 (4), 374-379.

Seeing is Sensing: Three Strategies for Multisensory Experience in Mixed Reality Art, ISEA conference proceedings 2020.